Here is a brief, detailed explanation of Kenya’s CBC Curriculum Structure and CBC Curriculum Subjects. All education levels has been included to make you informed of what to expect of a learner.
Besides, the new CBC curriculum focuses more on a learners ability which is clearly depicted in the curriculum structure and subjects.
CBC Curriculum Structure
The CBC education systems are sectioned into 3 different structures. The CBC Curriculum Structures include;
- Early years Educations
- Middle school Education
- Senior school Education
CBC Curriculum Kenya has adopted the education system of 2-6-6-3 format that replaced. The new CBC Curriculum is to replace the 8-4-4 system comprised of primary school education, secondary school education and tertiary Education.
CBC has divisions such as;
- Pre-primary Education
- Lower primary Education
- Middle school education
- Upper primary
- Lower secondary
- Senior School
Early years education
CBC system describes early Education to learners in pre-primary Education and lower primary Education. Pre-primary Education takes up to 2 years of pp1 and pp2 followed by a graduation to the next level.
The lower primary Education includes grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3, a total of 3 three. Graduation follows the completion of the level ushering the learners into the next middle school.
Middle school education
CBC has sectioned the upper primary Education and lower secondary Education as the middle school. The lower primary Education has grade 4, grade 5 and grade 6 covering three years and graduates’ hem into the next level. Simultaneously, the lower secondary Education consists of grade 7, grade 8 and grade9 3 years. They then graduate to senior school.
Mos t learners of the senior education level are aged 15- 17 years old. The class takes up to 3 years for grade 10, Grade 11 and grade 12. At senior school, the learner already specializes in studies in line with their areas of interest or talent.
The learners then graduate into higher Education such as university education, further their Education and welcome them into work. The higher Education can last depend on the course selected. The least number of years can be at least 3.
CBC Curriculum Subjects
Table showing the level of education and curriculum subjects for various education levels
|Pre- Primary (4-5 years)||Subjects|
|Curriculum PP1 |
5.Hygiene and nutrition activities.
|Lower Primary (6-8 years)||Subjects|
|Curriculum Grade 1 |
Curriculum Grade 2
Curriculum Grade 3
|1.Mathematical Activities |
2.Religious Education Activities
3.Indigenous Language Activities
4.Movement and Creative Activities
5.English Language Activities
7.Kiswahili Language Activities/Kenya Sign Language for learners who are deaf
8.Hygiene and Nutrition Activities
10. Additional subjects- featuring between subjects ICT Life skills, pertinent and contemporary issues
|Upper Primary (9-11 years)||Subject|
|Middle school |
Curriculum Grade 4
Curriculum Grade 5
Curriculum Grade 6
3.Science and Technology
4.Religious Education (CRE/IRE/HRE)
5.Physical and Health Education
6.Kiswahili or Kenya Sign Language (for learners who are deaf
11.Optional: Foreign Languages (Arabic, French, German, Mandarin)
12.Additional subjects- featuring between subjects
-Pastoral program-once a week
|Lower Secondary (12-14 years)||Subjects|
|Curriculum Grade 7 |
Curriculum Grade 8
Curriculum Grade 9
5.Kiswahilior Kenyan Sign Language for learners who are deaf
7.Pre-Technical and Pre-Career Education 8.Business Studies
9.Life Skills Education 10.Agriculture 11.Sports and Physical Education
12. Religious Education –learners choose among;
-Christian Religious Education
-Hindu Religious Education
-Islamic Religious Education
-Kenyan Sign Language
-Foreign Languages (French, Mandarin, Arabic, Germany)
|Senior School (15-17 Years)||Subjects|
|Curriculum Grade 10 |
Curriculum Grade 11 Curriculum Grade 12
|1.Arts and Sports Science Pathway |
2.The Social Sciences Pathway
3.The Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Pathway